Since over three decades I study human emotions, applying different methods and paradigms, such as assessing expressive behavior and physiological changes associated with emotion. My approach is particularly informed by the notion that humans are an intensely social species. Thus, social aspects permeate all aspects of mind and behavior. How is the relationship between affective states and facial activity moderated by different social contexts? How are such expressions perceived? What is the role of dynamic aspects of facial activity for the attribution of emotions, attitudes, intentions? While these questions are basic in nature, they have direct applications, for example for human-machine interaction, the design of virtual or embodied agents, or the automatic analysis of facial behavior.
Currently, I am particularly interested in Affective Computing, Social Robotics and the role of emotions in cyberspace. This interest manifests itself particularly in the research of my group over the last years in three projects funded in the context of the 7th framework program of the EU: CYBEREMOTIONS: Collective emotions in Cyberspace (http://www.cyberemotions.eu) 2009-2013. eCUTE: Education in cultural understanding technology-enhanced (http://www.ecute.eu) 2010-2013 - the goal of this project was to develop an innovative technological application to aid cultural understanding and empathy in children and young adults. How could empathy be measured to evaluate effects of such technological applications? EMOTE: EMbOdied-perceptive Tutors for Empathy-based learning (http://www.emote-project.eu/) 2012-2015 - the goal of this project was to design, develop, and evaluate a new generation of artificial embodied tutors that have perceptive capabilities to engage in empathic interactions with learners in a shared physical space. Since 2018 I am involved in a Horizon 2020 International Training Network ANIMATAS (Advancing intuitive human-machine interaction with human-like social capabilities for education in schools; end 2021).
I am a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. Recently, I have been president of the International Society for Research on Emotions (ISRE; 2013-2018).
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- Calvo, R.A. D'Mello, S. Gratch, J. & Kappas, A. (Eds.) (2015), Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing. New York, NY, Oxford University Press.
- Kappas, A., & Krämer, N.C. (Eds.). (2011). Face-to-face communication over the Internet: Emotions in a web of culture, language, and technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Chmiel, A., Sienkiewicz, J., Thelwall, M., Paltoglou, G., Buckley, K., Kappas, A., & Holyst, J. A. (2011). Collective emotions online and their influence on community life. PLoS ONE, 6 (7), e22207.
- Hess, U., Banse, R., & Kappas, A. (1995). The intensity of facial expression is determined by underlying affective state and social situation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 280-288.
- Kappas A (2013). Social regulation of emotion: Messy layers. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 51. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00051
- Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion and regulation are one! Emotion Review, 3, 17-25.
- Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion is not just an alarm bell—it's the whole tootin' fire truck. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 765-781.
- Kappas, A. (2010). Smile when you read this, whether you like it or not: Conceptual challenges to affect detection. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 1(1), 38-41.
- Kappas, A. (2006). Appraisals are direct, immediate, intuitive, and unwitting... and some are reflective... Cognition and Emotion, 20, 952-975.
- Kappas, A. (2002). The science of emotion as a multidisciplinary research paradigm. Behavioural Processes, 60, 85-98.
- Krumhuber, E., & Kappas, A. (2005). Moving smiles: The role of dynamic components for the perception of the genuineness of smiles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 29, 3-24.
- Krumhuber, E., Kappas, A., & Manstead, A. S. R. (2013). Effects of dynamic aspects of facial expressions: A review. Emotion Review, 5, 41-45.
- Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A. S. R., & Kappas, A. (2007). Temporal aspects of facial displays in person and expression perception: The effects of smile dynamics, head-tilt, and gender. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 31, 39-56.
- Thelwall, M., Buckley, K., Paltoglou, G., Cai, D. & Kappas, A. (2010). Sentiment in short strength detection informal text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61, 2544-2558. (*most cited paper)
- Castellano, G., Paiva, A., Kappas, A., Aylett, R., Hastie, H., Barendregt, W., Nabais, F., & Bull, S. (2014). Towards empathic virtual and robotic tutors. In H C Lane, K Yacef, J Mostow, & P Pavlik (Eds.) Artificial Intelligence in education (pp. 733-736). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
- Kappas, A. (2011). To our emotions, with love: How affective should affective computing be? Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction 4th International Conference 2011 Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6874, 1.
- Kappas, A. (2003). What facial activity can and cannot tell us about emotions. In M. Katsikitis (Ed.), The human face: Measurement and meaning (pp. 215-234). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Kappas, A. (2001). A metaphor is a metaphor is a metaphor: Exorcising the homunculus from appraisal theory. In K. R. Scherer, A. Schorr, & T. Johnstone (Eds.), Appraisal Processes in Emotion: Theory, Methods, Research (pp. 157-172). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Kappas, A., & Descôteaux, J. (2003). Of butterflies and roaring thunder: Nonverbal communication in interaction and regulation of emotion. In P. Philippot, E. J. Coats, & R. S. Feldman (Eds.), Nonverbal behavior in clinical settings (pp. 45-74). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Müller, M. G., & Kappas, A. (2011). Visual emotions – emotional visuals: Emotions, pathos formulae, and their relevance for communication research. In K. Döveling, C. von Scheve, & E. A. Konijn (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Emotions and Mass Media (pp. 310-331). Abingdon, OX; UK: Routledge.
- Communication and Interaction
- Emotion and Motivation
- Social Neuroscience
Jacobs University Bremen
Campus Ring 1
- Phone: +49 (0)421 200 4334
- Fax: +49 (0)421 200 3303